Hepatitis Disease..II

Prevention of  hepatitis A:

  • Wash hands well after using any washroom.
  • Eat only freshly cooked foods.
  • Drink only commercially bottled water or boiled water in places where sanitation and the water supply are questionable and do not eat non-peelable raw fruits or vegetables unless cleaned thoroughly.
  • Get a hepatitis A vaccination before traveling.

Prevention of  hepatitis B:

  • Tell your sex-partners if you are a carrier.
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Don’t share needles, razors, toothbrushes, manicure tools or other items that could bear contaminated blood.
  • Get the hepatitis B vaccination series if you are at risk.
  • Don’t allow yourself to be pierced with non-sterile equipment.

Prevention of hepatitis C:

  • (if carrier) Cover open wounds, don’t share razors or manicure tools.
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Don’t share needles, razors, toothbrushes, manicure tools or other items that could bear contaminated blood.
  • Don’t allow yourself to be pierced with non-sterile equipment.
  • Limit alcohol intake.

Prevention of  hepatitis D:

Since the hepatitis D virus cannot infect on its own without hepatitis B, use the preventive measures outlined in hepatitis B.

Prevention of  hepatitis E:

  • Wash hands well after using any washroom.
  • Eat only well and freshly cooked foods.
  • Drink only commercially bottled water or boiled water in places where sanitation and the water supply are questionable, and don’t eat non-peelable raw fruits or vegetables unless cleaned thoroughly.


Source:  http://www.healthscout.com

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Hepatitis Disease

Definition of Hepatitis

Hepatitis  is inflammation of the liver, which can be caused by viruses, medications, or toxic agents.

Description of Hepatitis

Hepatitis is usually characterized as viral hepatitis or non-viral hepatitis. Viral hepatitis can be considered “acute” (a condition that comes on rapidly with severe symptoms and a short course) or “chronic” (a condition that comes on slowly, may or may not have symptoms with has a long course).

Causes and Risk Factors of Hepatitis

Hepatitis A

Formerly called infectious hepatitis, hepatitis A is most common in children in developing countries, but is being seen more frequently in people of all ages and in the developed world. Hepatitis A is thought to be spread by a virus from an infected person’s feces directly or indirectly contaminating food, raw shellfish, drinking water, cooking utensils or someone else’s fingers. The incubation period is two to six weeks after infection. Hepatitis A is considered an acute condition.

Hepatitis B

Formerly called serum hepatitis, hepatitis B is the most serious form of hepatitis.

Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus and is spread through sexual contact, blood transfusion or exposure to an infected person’s blood via cuts, open sores, needle sharing, razor sharing or ear piercing tools. Additionally, hepatitis B can be spread from mother to child at birth. The incubation period is four to 25 weeks.

Ninety percent of all hepatitis B cases are considered acute, while the other 10 percent are considered chronic and may progress to cirrhosis (a disease of the liver caused by chronic damage to its cells), liver failure or liver cancer.

Hepatitis C

Formerly called non-A, non-B hepatitis, hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by direct blood contact – via blood transfusion or and contaminated needles. Less common ways are through sexual contact or from mother to child at birth.

The incubation period is five to 10 weeks. Twenty-five percent of the hepatitis C cases are considered acute, while the other 75 percent are considered chronic, which may result in cirrhosis.

Hepatitis D

Formerly called delta hepatitis, hepatitis D is found mainly in intravenous drug users who are carriers of the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis D can cause both acute and chronic disease.

Hepatitis E

Formerly called enteric or epidemic non-A, non-B hepatitis, hepatitis E resembles hepatitis A, but is caused by a different virus from hepatitis C and is commonly found in the Indian Ocean area. Hepatitis E is considered an acute condition.

Symptoms of Hepatitis

Hepatitis  produces an initial “acute phase,” often with few if any symptoms. If there are symptoms, they tend to mimic “flu-like” symptoms such as:

  • mild fever
  • muscle or joint aches
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • slight abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • fatigue

The acute phase and its symptoms is rarely serious or fatal, although occasionally called fulminant progressing form leads to death (additional symptoms):

  • jaundice (yellowed skin, mucous membranes and eye-whites)
  • dark urine
  • light colored stools that may contain pus
  • itching
  • enlarged spleen (symptom of alcoholic hepatitis only)
  • hives
  • headache (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
  • dizziness (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
  • drowsiness (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
  • circulation problems (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)

Diagnosis of Hepatitis

The doctor will take a thorough medical history with emphasis on the patient’s medications, alcohol consumption, previous surgeries and sexual activity. He or she may palpate the area over the liver to check for tenderness or enlargement.

If the skin becomes jaundiced and the person is exhibiting other symptoms of hepatitis, the doctor will do various lab tests, such as blood tests and liver panel tests. Additional lab tests include the antibody tests (ELISA II, RIBA II) and the hepatitis C RNA test via PCR technology for diagnosis of hepatitis C only.

If needed, the doctor may also perform a liver biopsy where a small portion of the liver would be taken for further examination under a microscope.

Treatment of Hepatitis

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. The doctor will recommend the abstinence of alcohol and drugs during recovery. Most cases of  hepatitis A resolve themselves spontaneously.

The only treatment for hepatitis B is rest, combined with a high protein/high carbohydrate diet to repair damaged liver cells and protect the liver. If hepatitis B persists, the doctor may recommend an antiviral agent called interferon.

The only approved treatment for hepatitis C virus, and the only one with demonstrated efficacy, is interferon alfa-2b (Intron A). Currently, there is not effective treatment for hepatitis D and E.

For treatment of non-viral hepatitis, the doctor will first remove the harmful substance by flushing out the stomach via inducing vomiting or hyperventilation. If necessary, the patient with drug-induced hepatitis will be treated with corticosteroids.

will be continue the prevention of this disease..

Acidophilus Tentera Usus

Assalamualaikum wbt..

Moga sahabat2 pembaca berada dlm keadaan sihat hendaknya. Mungkin ada di kalangan kita demam dan sbgainya. Maklumlah dlm keadaan skrg ni, pelbagai penyakit yg timbul dan yg terbaru kini Influenza A H1N1. Mz nasihatkan kpd shbt2 supaya cepat2 cari cara mencegah  sekali gus merawat sakit dan badan kalian.  Mz juga baru  lepas sembuh, Alhamdulillah xdikuarantin oleh pihak hospital baru2 ini. Mz dah pun menjalani ujian saringan H1N1 krn demam yg teruk, batuk2, selsema dan sakit dlm dada. Seminggu juga Mz demam…Alhamdulillah semuanya baik cuma penyakit lama Mz bertandan kembali. Tapi Mz amat gembira sekali krn hypotension yg Mz alami sblm ini sudah pun pulih…Alhamdulillah, terima kasih ya Allah..

Baru-baru ini Mz ada terbaca sebuah majalah kanak2, dan Mz amat tertarik utk membaca di ruang “kesihatan” dlm majalah tersebut. Mungkin dah ramai yg tahu tentang bakteria ‘baik’  iaitu Lactobacillus yg terdapat dlm susu masam @ yogurt. Dan kali ini Mz nak kongsi satu lagi bakteria ‘baik’ yg telah ditemui oleh saintis. Tak silap Mz dah lama saintis menemuinya cuma Mz yg kurang peka. Utk pengetahuan pembaca, bakteria yg Mz maksudkan adalah Lactobacillus Acidophilus yg berfungsi bersama2 dgn bakteria Lactobacillus yg mencegah penyakit di dlm usus manusia. Bakteria ‘baik’ ini  telah ditemui oleh pakar biologi Elie Metchnikoff ketika membuat kajian terhadap diet minuman susu tapaian para petani di Bulgaria dan Russia Selatan.

acidophilus        240px-Lactobacillus_sp_01   

Di dlm kajiannya, Metchnikoff telah membuat beberapa kesimpulan iaitu:

  • Kebanyakan penyakit manusia berpunca dari proses pengasingan protein dan mikroorganisma yg telah busuk di dlm salur usus.
  • Lactobacillus boleh menanam dan membiakkan bakteria berfaedah dlm usus bagi menyingkirkan bakteria  yg merbahaya.

Fungsi bakteria Lactobacillus Acidophilus:

  • Pengeluaran vitamin di dlm usus

Selain dari vitamin K, Acidophilus juga mampu mensintesiskan komponen vitamin B kompleks terutamanya vitamin B12. Vitamin ini sgt diperlukan dlm pembentukan darah dan fungsi hati. Asid folik juga turut dikeluarkan oleh bakteria ini di dlm usus dan memainkan peranan penting bagi membetulkan masalah kekurangan zat besi dan anemia.

  • Menyembuhkan sembelit

Ada antara bakteria yg berbahaya mengeluarkan enzim yg mampu memusnahkan vitamin B1 di dlm usus, seterusnya menimbulkan masalah sembelit. Pengambilan Acidophilus dpt menghasilkan vitamin B1 di dlm usus dan membunuh pengeluar enzim pathogens.

  • Mencegah kembung perut, masalah angin serta nafas yg berbau

Bakteria ‘jahat’ yg hidup dlm makanan yg tdk hadam di dlm perut akan menimbulkan masalah angin atau gas. Perut akn terasa kembung dan nafas akan berbau. Keadaan ini berlarutan sehinggalah gas tersebut bergerak ke usus akhir. Menerusi pengambilan Acidophilus, ia bkn sekadar menghapuskan bakteria ‘jahat’ malahan mampu meningkatkan penghadaman makanan.

  • Menghalang amoeba, cacing dan lain2 parasit

Bakteria Acidophilus amat berkesan menghalang amoeba dan lain2 jangkitan usus dgn melindungi  usus dlm bentuk asid dan menyekat pembiakan parasit.

  • Merawat usus slps terapi antibiotik

Antibiotik yg telah digunakan scra meluas dlm mencegah jangkitan, scra senyap turut mampu memusnahkan keseimbangan microflora dlm usus. Keadaan ini boleh memusnahkan Lactobacillus seterusnya membawa kpd masalah cirit-birit dan kekurangan vitamin B kpd pesakit. Pengambilan Acidophilus akn dpt membantu menyeimbangkan kembali microflora dlm usus.

Suka utk Mz meng’highligh’kan di sini bhw pengambilan Lactobacillus Acidophilus dlm diet harian merupakan langkah pencegahan trhadap penyakit yg berpunca dari usus kita. Perut dan usus  dilihat sebagai ‘sarang’ bagi kebanyakan penyakit.  Oleh itu, perlu utk kita menjaganya dgn baik terutamanya penjagaan dari segi pemakanan harian kita. Allah begitu sayang pada kita sehinggakan usus kita pun Dia jaga dgn menjadikan bakteria ‘baik’ utk usus kita.  Mz juga mengesyorkan kpd pembaca2 supaya menggunakan produk kesihatan yg terjamin kualitinya dan halal dr sudut syari’e.  Bagi Mz, ubat-ubatan hospital kdg2 tak menjamin utk merawat sakit dlm badan kita krn kandungan ubat-ubatan yg kita tahu adalah kebanyakannya mengandungi dadah dan ianya adalah utk menahan sakit semata bukanlah utk mencegah dan merawat sakit tersebut. Mz menyatakan sedemikian bukanlah krn Mz tak suka pd ubat hospital tapi itulah hakikat yg perlu kita tahu. Semoga dgn sedikit paparan kali ini, dpt memberi input yg berguna buat pembaca semua.. 🙂

waLLahu a’Lam..